After serving in World War II, Asimov earned a Ph.D. at Columbia in 1948; he taught (1949-58) biochemistry at the Boston University School of Medicine. His first science-fiction novel, Pebble in the Sky, appeared in 1950, and his first science book, a biochemistry text written with two colleagues, in 1953. Asimov turned to writing full time in 1958. He authored some 500 books for young and adult readers, extending beyond science and science fiction to include mystery stories, humor, history, and several volumes on the Bible and Shakespeare. Among his best-known science-fiction works are I, Robot (1950); The Foundation Trilogy (1951-53), to which he wrote a sequel 30 years later, Foundation's Edge (1982); The Naked Sun (1957); The Gods Themselves (1972). Among his major science books are the Biographical Encyclopedia of Science and Technology (1964; rev. 1982) and Asimov's New Guide to Science (1984), a recent revision of his widely acclaimed Intelligent Man's Guide to Science (1960). Later works include Foundation and Earth (1986); Prelude to Foundation (1988); and Forward the Foundation (1992). A two-volume autobiography, In Memory Yet Green, appeared in 1979.
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