James Van Praagh: Medium, or Conman?

"When I first began following Van Praagh I thought perhaps there was a certain element of self-deception on his part where, giving him the benefit of the doubt (he does seem a likable character), he developed his cold- and warm- reading techniques through a gradual developmental process of subject feedback and reinforcement, much like the operant conditioning of a rat through "shaping," where one rewards partial behaviors until the target goal is reached. And it is true that gurus come to believe in their own divinity when enough of their followers tell them they are divine. We skeptics are only too aware of the power of self-deception in areas involving memory. " --- Michael Shermer

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