AmerInd factions and several mining companies over a certain amount of land in Arizona.

(Sysop's  Note:   The following three flyers were given to me at  the  1986
International  Pagan  Spirit Gathering,  and concern  the  dispute  between
several AmerInd factions and several mining companies over a certain amount
of land in Arizona.  In my personal opinion, some of the "facts"  presented
here are  debatable or unsupported,  and not all of the opinions  are  well
thought-out or reasonable, but one thing is certain:  if no action is taken
to stop this relocation IN ITS CURRENT FORM, it will literally be an act of
genocide.  Please read this information and make up your own mind. - Brad)

                            B A C K G R O U N D

   July 7,  1986 is the deadline for the removal of more than 10,000  Dineh
(Navaho)   Indians  from their ancestral homes in  the  Southwest.    Their
removal  is dictated by Public Law 93-531,  the Relocation Act,  passed  in
1974 by a largely misled and uninformed Congress.

   The law partitions a 3,000 square mile "Joint Use Area" (JUA) within the
"1982   Executive Order"  area,  constructs a 300  mile fence imposing  the
partition,  and requires the removal of all Navaho residing on 1500  square
miles  of  land.   The lands are in the heart of the Navajo reservation  in
Arizona.    A   Relocation  Commission was established  under  the  Act  to
implement the relocation.

   P.L.  95-531 supposedly was passed to "settle" a "land dispute"  between
Navajo  and  Hopi  Indians.   Several investigations have  shown  that  the
"dispute" was manufactured and fought out between white attorneys represen-
ting Peabody Coal,  the U.S.  Department of the Interior,  and a number  of
electrical  utilities and coal gasification compaines operating in the Four
Corners, high atop the Black Mesa.

   Within  the Tribes this struggle is reflected in the split  between  the
traditional Indians and their pro-development "progressive" chairmen.

                     Traditionals United in Resistance

   When the U.S.  fencing crew reached Big Mountain in 1977  is encountered
the  literal  resistance  of  the Elder women,  who ever  since  then  have
continued  that resistance,  tearing down every fence post and becoming the
inspiration for the resistance movement throughout the JUA.

   These Traditional Dineh refuse to be separated from their Hopi neighbors
with whom they have shared the land and religion since before the White Man
arrived in North America.   Their resistance is supported by the solidarity
of  the  Traditional and religious leadership of the Hopi people,  none  of
whom  recognize the legitimacy of the law or the "Tribal Chairmen"  who act
in their names.

                             The Relocation Act

   The purposes of the legislation were (1) to transfer "quieted title" for
lands  to the Tribal chairmen so the lands could be leased,  (2)  to  allow
access  to  the massive Black Mesa coal seam in order to strip mine it  and
supply power for the Central Arizona Project (CAP)  and other projects, (3)
to  remove  the traditional Indians living above this coal  seam  who  were
opposed  to the industrialization and devastation of  their  land, culture,
and religion.

   This  legislation was godfathered by Sam Steiger and Barry Goldwater  of
Arizona, and literally written by the past and future attorneys for Peabody
Coal.  The law was passed in 1974, in the midst of Watergate and an "energy
crisis," by a Congress which adhered to its own tradition of not overruling
the "home state" Congressmen.

                                Which Hopi?

   The  entire  "relocation"  is being carried out on behalf of  the  "Hopi
people."    Yet the only Hopi "representative"  recognized by the U.S.   is
"elected"   in  pathetic proceedings in  which  that  "Chairman"   recently
received the votes of only 908  Hopi people,  or less than 10%  of the Hopi
people.    The overwhelming majority of the Hopi boycott elections,   which
violate their customary decision-making process.

                      Trail of Tears Replay: Genocide

   This would be the largest peacetime forcible removal of a people in U.S.
history  and would duplicate in scale and effect the Trail of  Tears  death
march  of  the Cherokee under Andrew Jackson in the 1830's.   There  is  no
difference.    International experts on displacement of indigenous  peoples
have found that such uprooting  of traditional land-based peoples literally
destroys their lives.  The Fourth Russell Tribunal convened in Rotterdam in
1980   and  found that this removal  violated  the  United Nations genocide

                       Big Mountain Resistance - AIM

   It  was  at Big Mountain that the Dineh made their stand,  throwing  the
fencing  crews  out as soon as they appeared in 1977.   In 1979   Katherine
Smith  drove them out at gunpoint again,  was arrested and later  acquitted
when a jury could not be formed.

   In  1979  the Dineh people of Big Mountain declared their  independence,
and  their total resistance to the removal.   In 1981  a  Survival Camp was
established  at Big Mountain by the American Indian  Movement,   under  the
direction of the Elders of Big Mountain.   The people had  sought out AIM's
support  in  1977,   and  the Movement put itself at  the  service  of  the
Traditional leadership.

                               Support Groups

   Also in 1979  the first non-Indian "support group" was formed,  bringing
together  anti-nuclear activists,  environmentalists and a wide variety  of
other  persons  of  conscience working in support  of  the  poeple  of  Big
Mountain and the JUA who are opposing removal.   Presently their  exists an
international network of nearly 100 Big Mountain Support Groups.


   In 1985 the House Appropriations Committee released its investigation of
the relocation program,  concluding that the program  was a massive failure
and that it (the investigators) could not see how the program could be made
to work.   Also in 1985  President Reagan assigned ex-Secretary of Interior
William Clark to search for an alternative to relocation.    After 6 months
Clark  concluded that  the  Hopi  Tribal officials  would  never  willingly
compromise.   He suggested that  "other agencies"  of the government should
develop   alternatives  which  would  halt  relocations,   and  provide   a
"comprehensive"   solution  to the entire issue of Navajo and Hopi  use  of
lands in the Four Corners.

                                The Demands

   Key demand of the people resisting removal,  and of the support network,
is  (#1)  REPEAL OF P.L.  95-531  to bring a halt to the forced removal  of
these  Indian  people.    The people also demand (#2)  that  those  already
removed from the land be allowed to return,  (#3)  that the U.S. government
redress the complex mess of issues it has generated with  its 100  years of
boundary-drawing between the Navajo and Hopi people,  and (#4)  that  those
who want to move should be assisted in doing so.

   In the face of continuing plans U.S. plans to remove the people in July,
there  is  a  national  Mobilization underway to confront  and  resist  any
attempt to remove the people.   The Mobilization is directly accountable to
the Elders on the land.

                                DINE NATION
                        DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE

   From  the  Beginning,  the Great Spirits set forth sacred Laws  for  the
children  of Mother Earth,  the Dine.   Great Spirits created the Sovereign
Dine  Nation within the four sacred mountains:  Sis naajinni (Blanca  Peak,
Colo.)   to  the  east,   Tsoodzil (Mount Taylor,   N.M.)   to  the  south,
Dook'oosliid  (San Francisco Pk.,  Arizona)  to the west,   Dipe'   Nitsaa'
(Herperus Peak, Colo.) to the north.  Within this Natural boundary the Dine
Nation  lived  in accordance to the Spiritual Laws to live in Harmony  with
all  the  Natural  Life.   The Great Spirits provided us  with  the  Nitliz
(sacred  stones)   as offerings and the Dzil laazh  (sacred  mountain  soil
Bundle)   representing the universe.   With prayers and songs we offer  the
Nitliz to the trees,  to the hills,  to the wind, and the thunder beings in
the sacred rain.   The Dzil laazh is our power to live close to our  mother
the  Earth and father Sky.   These are our sacred  ways  to survive in this
universe and to communicate with the unseen forces in Natural life.

   As Dine, we wander the grounds of Mother Earth along with the Eagle, the
Deer,  and the little ants;  together we survive in the natural state.   In
our  sacred  existance we seek no changes to our livelihood,  because  this
Natural life is our only known survival and it's our sacred laws.

   In  this  Natural  and  Spiritual way we nourish  from  the  fruits  and
vegetables  of  our fields and meat from the mountains.   Our thirst  is
moistened by the sacred Springs and our injuries and pain are healed  by
the medicines of the canyons and hills.

   From the beginning Bii Ochidi (spirit for the four legged) gave the Dine
the sheep,  cattle,  and horse to be part of our Survival and our spiritual
ways.    As a Dine Nation our prayers and songs are offered  to  the  Great
Spirits of the Universe,  so we,  the natural life wish to continue to live
in balance of the Natural life.

   We speak for the winged beings, the four legged beings, those that crawl
upon the grounds,  the water beings,  and those who have gone before us and
the coming generation.

   This  28th  day  of  October 1979,  the  Big  Mountain  Dine  Nation  is
"Declaring Independence of the Area known as "Big Mountain," via Arizona."

   Our  interpretation of "Declaration of Independence"  is that the United
States Government and the Navajo Tribal Government have violated the sacred
laws of the Dine Nation by allowing exploitation of natural resources.  Our
Mother  Earth is continously raped by the exploitation of  coal,   uranium,
oil, natural gas, and helium.   Our Father the Sky has been contaminated by
the  poison from burning coal and the radiation from uranium mining.    Our
sacred  water  has been abused,  so that now there is no certainty for  the
future generation.

   Our  interpretation of "Declaration of Independence"  is that the United
States  Government  has divided the Indigenous people by the boundaries  of
politics,  Euro-American education, modernization,  and christianity.   The
United States Government denies our rights to exist as Indigenous people on
our Mother Earth.

   Our  interpretation of "Declaration of Independence"  is that Public Law
95-531   has  divided the Sovereign Nation of the Dine and the Hopi and  is
therefore disrupting our spiritual and traditional ties.  The livelihood of
the Dine, the livestock,  has been exterminated,  thereby starvation exists
among the traditional elders.   Our sacred  shrines  have been destroyed by
attempts at land restoration and mining.    There are continuous threats of
relocation which disturb the hearts and minds of our traditional elders and
weakens their health and longevity.  The supremacy and the genocidal system
of the Federal Government is destroying our true existance as a traditional
Dine Nation here in Big Mountain.

                 Unconditional Demands to the Proclamation
                      of the Big Mountain Dine Nation:

1.  We demand that the Navajo Tribal Council immediately convene a  special
session to act on the recent situation in the Former Joint Use Area; and

2.  We demand that the Navajo Tribal Council reconsider the sacred Laws  of
the  Dine for the protection of our sacred Mother Earth from the  exploita-
tion of the Natural Resources; and

3.  We demand that the Navajo Tribal Council support Congressional legisla-
tion  in order to void and nullify all court decisions  and  administrative
actions  concerning  the partition of the Joint Use  Area,   relocation  of
certain  Dine  residents  in the affected area,   livestock  reduction  and
partition fencing, and

4.  We demand that the Navajo Tribal Council appropriate funds to assist in
legal defense for and the development of the Big Mountain Dine Nation.

   Further, by these conditions the Big Mountain Dine Nation, via Arizona,
have stood in solidarity to combat Injustice, Genocide, Racism, and Discri-

   "Declaration of Independence"  has been declared, our last recourse, and
if  necessary  Big Mountain Dine Nation will use  its  Sovereign  right  to
dispose of any activities pertaining to Federal fencing,  land restoration,
and other intents of Public Law 95-531 in the area Big Mountain.  From here
on  the  "Independent  Dine  Nation"  of  Big  Mountain  will  present  its
conditions and additions to the United Nations.

Signed by Roberta Blackgoat, Chairperson;
          Kee Shay, Vice-Chairperson;
          NaBane Kadenehe, Secretary;
          Lawrence Simonson, Treasurer.

Also signed by 65 of the Council of Elders.

(There is a hand-written address on the bottom of my copy of the above: Big
Mountain Support Group, 3126 Shattuck, Berkeley, CA 94705, (415) 644-3031.)

                          B I G   M O U N T A I N
                       R E L O C A T I O N   I N F O

                         YOU CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE

Letter-writing campaigns do work.   This is undeniably a situation in which
education can result in a change in the law because  of the effect of relo-
cation  of  the people and the tremendous amount of money being  wasted now
and in the future if the program is allowed to continue.   Write individual
and personal letters,  call, or meet with your Senators and Representative.
Write follow-up letters and keep this issue alive.   The Big Mountain Legal
Committee will help you write answers to the responses you get, and provide
supporting documents if necessary.   Please send a copy of your letters and
all responses you receive to BMLDOC.

Repeal is not a popular idea in Congress.  The basic feeling in Congress is
that this issue has been litigated and legislated over the course of nearly
three decades.   Repeal is thought of as a radical departure from what they
feel  is a hard-earned compromise.   It is our job to point out to Congress
the  realities of their "compromise"--the evidence that relocation  is  not
working and that the program is wasting taxpayers' money.

Most  Congressional  offices respond with a form letter which states  their
understanding of the situation,  thanks to the letter writer,  and goes  no
further.    In  order to get beyond this form response,  it is best to  ask
specific, direct questions that require an individualized response.

Replies often mention hearings planned or in progress.   Congress can study
a problem until the storm blows over.  Ask when results of hearings will be
made  public and to receive a copy of the reports.   Then ask what will  be
done about the findings.   Keep writing or calling - don't let the  subject
be dropped.   *Request Senate Oversight Hearings to be held in Flagstaff as
soon as possible.

Someone wrote a short,  4-paragraph letter to the editor in a Florida news-
paper which included the BMLDOC address for more information.   Four people
responded  asking  for  more  information and  volunteering  to  be  letter
writers.  The seeds we plant grow quickly and the effects are far-reaching.
There are many effective ways of reaching out to the public.


- Where do you stand on the relocation of 10,000  to 15,000 Navajo and Hopi
  Indians as a result of P.L. 95-531?

- Relocation of traditional indigenous  people  has never succeeded, accor-
  ding to anthropologists and sociologists.

- A  recent  report by the House Subcommittee on the Interior  and  Related
  Agencies concludes that the relocation program is not working.

- Since 1977 the government has been able to relocate only one-third of the
  affected families.   Relocation Commisssion statistics show that twice as
  many  families must be moved in the next year as the total moved  in  the
  past 9 years, if the July 1986 deadline is to be met.

- Navajo  and  Hopi families have been relocated to cultural situations  in
  which  they  cannot survive.  Fifty percent of the families relocated  to
  Flagstaff,   the  most common relocation site,  have already  lost  their
  homes.   What  are  you doing with regard to the  growing  evidence  that
  relocation is not working?

- PL 93-531  requires  relocation  to take place  with "minimum adverse im-
  pact."   Doesn't the present program,  which clearly produces a high rate
  of failure, violate the law?

- How  has the report on relocation by the House  Appropriations  Committee
  affected your position on relocation?   What is being done to correct the
  shortcomings  of the Relocation Commisssion and the problems  of  reloca-
  tion citied in the report?

- The  cost  of relocation to US taxpayers,  originally  estimated  at  $34
  million,   has already risen to $275  million,  and could reach $1  to $2
  billion when costs of supporting services and welfare are included.

- How  can  you  justify spending taxpayers'  money on a  program  that  is
  turning  self-sufficient  people  into refugees dependent  on  government
  services for their survival?

- How  can you justify continuing to spend so much money on an  ineffectual
  program which produces a 50% failure rate?

- Extending  the  relocation  program will only  increase  the  expense  to
  taxpayers and the agony of the Navajo and Hopi people.   Relocation needs
  to be ended.

- Shifting the partition line will only exchange the hardship of one  group
  of Navajos for hardship to another group of Navajos.   It could cause  as
  many  problems  as it might solve,  according to a  House  Appropriations
  Committee investigation.

- Where is the water going to come from to resettle relocatees on the newly
  acquired  lands?   According to Relocation Commissioner Sandra  Massetto,
  "It  could be ten years before the question of water rights on the  newly
  acquired lands is resolved."  Without sufficient water, the new lands are
  useless,  and without knowing how much water is available,  how  can  the
  Relocation Commission plan for resettlement?   A Navajo tribal commsssion
  estimated  that  that  the new land can support less  than  20%   of  the
  relocatees.    To enable the Navajo Trive to acquire the new lands,   the
  federal government is trading away valuable land to developers  for  next
  to nothing.

- Traditional religious leaders of the Hopi wrote in March 1985,  "There is
  no need for this bill as there was no fighting,  quarelling,  nor warfare
  taking  place...We  have  never supported the Relocation Program...We see
  this  as merely a political conflict instigated and promoted for resource
  development...Take  immediate  steps to bring about a total repeal of  PL

- A  study by Navajo Tribal Attorney Richard Schifter showed  the  Healing-
  Jones decision did not require a 50/50  land partition at all,  only that
  the  "value"  of the land and resources should be divided equally between
  the two tribes.

- It is the only Indian land claim in US hsitory in which the government is
  evicting people instead of offering money compensation.   The  difference
  is that all other Indian land claims would have removed white people.

- If  this  relocation is carried through,  it will be one of  the  largest
  forced removals of Indians in American history,  and will add yet another
  chapter to the disgraceful history of abuse Indians have suffered at  the
  hands  of the US government,  unless Congress has the courage to  reverse
  its course of action.   Repealing the law is the only way to prevent this
  problem from becoming an international disgrace.

- The  federal  government created the problem by approving a  hastily  and
  arbitrarily  drawn  Hopi Reservation boundary in 1882   that  erroneously
  included  the homes of hundreds of Navajos.   Now the federal  government
  should act responsibly to solve the problem.

- Congress was misinformed when it passed the law in 1974  about the number
  of  Navajos  to be relocated,  the conditions under which they  would  be
  moved,   and  the cost to taxpayers.   Now Congress needs to correct  its

- The Hopi Tribe should be  compensated for  the mistakes of the US govern-
  ment  in some other way,  not at the expense of the Navajo people, not by
  being  given  960,000   acres of land that is the home  of  thousands  of
  Navajos.   Those Navajos  already victimized by relocation should be com-
  pensated and should have the right to return to their homeland.


Senator Alan Cranston     Senator Pete Wilson      Congressman Ralph Regula
Senate Hart Office        Senate Hart Office       Rayburn House Office
Building, Room# 112       Building, Room# 720      Building, Room# 2209
Washington, DC  20510     Washington, DC  20510    Washington, DC  20510
(202) 224-3553            (202) 224-3841           (202) 225-3876

Senator Bennett Johnston  Congressman Sidney Yates  Senator James McClure
Senate Hart Office        Rayburn House Office      Senate Dirkson Office
Building, Room# 136       Building, Room# 2234      Building, Room# 361
Washington, DC  20510     Washington, DC  20510     Washington, DC  20510


IN THE HOUSE...                      IN THE SENATE:

ADDRESS CODES:                       ADDRESS CODES:
   H = House                            S = Senate
   OB = Office Building                 OB = Office Building
   L = Longworth                        R = Russell, H = Hart,
   C = Cannon                           D = Dirkson
   OB = Office Building                 OB = Office Building

ex.: Les AuCoin                      ex.: Senator Robert Byrd
     Rayburn House Office Building        Senate Hart Office Building
     Room 2159                            Room 311
     Washington, DC  20510                Washington, DC  20510

IN THE HOUSE...                      IN THE SENATE:

Les AuCoin (Oreg.-D)                 Robert Byrd (WV-D)
RHOB, Room 2159                      SHOB, Room 311
(202) 225-0855

Tom Bevill (Ala.-D)                  Mark Andrews (ND-R)
RHOB, Room 2302                      SHOB, Room 724
(202) 225-4876                       (202)-224-2043

Edward Boland (Mass.-D)              Dale Bumpers (AR-D)
RHOB, Room 2426                      SDOB, Room 239
(202) 225-5601                       (202) 224-4843

Norman Dicks (Wash.-D)               Quentin Burdick (ND-D)
RHOB, Room 2429                      SHOB, Room 311
(202) 225-5916                       (202) 224-2551

Joseph McDade (Pa.-R)                Thad Cochran (MS-D)
RHOB, Room 2370                      SROB, Room 326
(202) 225-3731                       (202) 224-5054

John Murtha (Pa.-D)                  Edwin Garn
RHOB, Room 2423                      SDOB, Room 505
(202) 225-2065                       (202) 224-5444

Tom Loeffler (Tex.-R)                Patrick Leahy (VT)
LHOB, Room 1212                      SROB, Room 433
(202) 225-4236                       (202) 224-4242

Ralph Regula (Ohio-R)                Paul Laxalt (NV-R)
RHOB, Room 2209                      SROB, Room 323A
(202) 225-3876                       (202) 224-3542

                                     Warren Rudman (NH)
                                     SHOB, Room 530
                                     (202) 224-3324

                                     Ted Stevens (AK)
                                     SHOB, Room 522
                                     (202) 224-3004

                                     Lowell Weicker
                                     SHOB, Room 303
                                     (202) 224-4041